Approaches and Strategies for Teaching English for Learners with Language Problems

  • Chapter One: Introduction: Type of communication apprehension in the classroom
  • Writing Apprehension (WA)
  • Receiver apprehension
  • Prevention
  • Treatment approaches
  • The main elements of effective direct instruction
  • How does questioning help student learning ?
  • What does effective interaction entail ?
  • When and how often to use questioning
  • Language development approach
  • Chapter Two: Listening Comprehension Problems 
  • Introduction
  • Memory
  • Rapid speech
  • Vocabulary
  • Five common listening comprehension problems
  • A comparison of learners with different listening abilities
  • Strategies for effective listening
  • How to teach the strategies
  • Direct strategy: Perception and strategy practice
  • Indirect strategy: Metacognitive awareness raising activities
  • Educational interventions
  • Chapter Three: Speaking Problems
  • Introduction
  • Functions of speaking
  • What makes speaking difficult
  • The Educational Intervention
  • Instruction for children with language problems
  • Developing vocabulary
  • Developing sentence skills
  • Developing speaking skills
  • Guidelines for a free/creative speaking activity
  • Examples of guided and free speaking activities
  • Implication for Teaching
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter Four: Reading Problems
  • Approaches of teaching reading
  • Reading problems
  • Processing
  • Auditory processing
  • Phonological processing
  • Language processing
  • Memory
  • Attention
  • English language learning
  • Decoding difficulties
  • Signs of decoding difficulty
  • Comprehension difficulties
  • Signs of comprehension difficulty
  • Retention difficulties
  • Signs of retention difficulty
  • Overcoming and treating reading problems
  • Reading Recovery
  • Phonological awareness
  • Visual perception of letters
  • Word Recognition
  • Phonics/Decoding Skills
  • Phonics /structural analysis
  • Fluency/Automaticity
  • Comprehension
  • Balanced, structured approach
  • Early intervention
  • Individual tutoring
  • Treatment trends
  • Chapter Five: Writing Problems
  • Causes of writing problems
  • Types of writing problems
  • Spelling problems
  • Handwriting
  • Curriculum access for children with spelling and handwriting difficulties
  • Written Expression
  • Paragraph revision checklist
  • General Strategies For written expression
  • Dealing with writing problems
  • Helping reluctant writers
  • Characteristic problems of reluctant writers
  • Dealing with reluctant writers’ problems
  • Dysgraphia
  • Deficits of revisualization
  • Manuscript or Cursive?
  • Spelling
  • Educational interventions
  • Written expression
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Educational interventions
  • Chapter Six: Enrichment Activities for Developing the Four Language Skills
  • Introduction
  • A- Phonological a awareness activities for developing listening and speaking
  • Vocabulary enrichment through word association
  • B- Vocabulary Development



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